Commonly breast cancer is seen in women, but it is something that affects men as well, in the age group of 60 to 70 years usually and it is called male breast cancer. But women are 100 times more likely than men to get it. A cancerous or malignant tumor growing in the cells of the breast tissue is called breast cancer.
There are 4 stages of breast cancer but if breast cancer is detected early, there are high chances of survival and cure, but in stage 4, the survival odds are really low.
Dry or scaly breasts or nipples, inverted or flat nipples, nipple discharge that is either bloody or clear, persistent tenderness and softness of breast, a breast that remains warm and is hot to touch, pain in breasts or nipples, a sore breast or swelling in the breasts, increase in size of breasts without rhyme or reason, no change in size of breasts even during menstruation, small lump in the breast that can be felt during examination of breast, change in appearance and color of breasts, redness or dark color of breasts etc are the commonly reported symptoms of breast cancer.
There are various different types of breast cancer and some are rarer and more dangerous than others. Sometimes there can be a mixture of different types in one breast tumor or it can be a blend of in situ and invasive cancer. Some of the breast cancer types are ductal carcinoma in situ, Lobular carcinoma in situ, Invasive or infiltrating ductal carcinoma, Infiltrating or invasive lobular carcinoma and inflammatory breast cancer. Of these the last is very rare and extremely lethal and the mortality rate is also higher at advanced stages. Apart from these, there are other types less commonly seen breast cancers.
Genetic predisposition, mutation of genes, change in DNA, lack of exercise, having children too late in life or not having children at all, early menstruation, late menopause, use of birth control pills, post menopausal hormone therapy, race, family history of breast cancer, personal history of radiation therapy or exposure to radiation, obesity, high fat diet, etc are the risk factors of breast cancer but no exact cause behind breast cancer has yet been pin pointed.